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Theatre Row is the name of the section of Manhattan on 42nd Street between 9th and 11th avenues, named because of the plethora of Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway theatres that line the street.
The area was a red light district in the 1970s, until a campaign was launched to reestablish it as a live theatre destination. Many of the small theatres were reclaimed in this period and used widely for non-commercial and experimental projects. The Theatre Row Building itself houses six small theatres. Theatre Three, formerly the Acorn Theatre, is the largest with a capacity of 199 seats. Theatre Two (formerly the Kirk Theatre, named after Manhattan Plaza developer Rodney Kirk), Theatre Four (formerly the Beckett Theatre, named after acclaimed playwright Samuel Beckett), and Theatre Five (formerly the Clurman Theatre, named after Henry Clurman), each have a capacity of 99 seats.
The complex also contains two smaller venues: Theatre One (formerly the Lion Theatre, named after former residents The Lion Theatre Company), which holds 88 seats, and the Studio Theatre, with a 55-seat capacity for Off-Off-Broadway presentations.
Theatre Row is home to a small variety of Off-Broadway production companies including The Keen Company, TACT (The Actors Company Theatre), and The Mint Theater Company.